The most precise chronology of Early Egypt yet suggests the country formed much more quickly than previously thought. Existing timelines of Egypt's transition from a nomadic community along the Nile River to a permanent state are mainly based on changes in pottery artifacts found at various locations around the country. The findings, which also suggest the preceding Neolithic period lasted longer than thought, are detailed Sept. The resulting dates for each ruler were accurate to within 32 years, and with 68 percent probability, the researchers said. Only very small quantities of material were needed for the analyses, ranging from roughly 10 milligrams – about the size of a fingernail clipping – for plant material, to as much as 0.5 grams (0.02 ounces) for bone.
The new finding reveals a robust timeline for the first eight kings and queens of Egypt, including, in order of succession Aha, Djer, Djet, Queen Merneith, Den, Anedjib, Semerkhet and Qa'a. However, such timelines are flawed due to the subjectivity required to distinguish one pottery style from another, and because styles might vary from site to site without signifying a change in time period. The dates revealed King Djer ruled from about 3073 B. Egypt was, by some standards, the world's first country as countries are known today.
We wanted to use science to test the accepted historical dates of several Old Kingdom monuments.The New Chronology is a pseudohistorical theory which argues that the conventional chronology of Middle Eastern and European history is fundamentally flawed, and that events attributed to the civilizations of the Roman Empire, Ancient Greece and Ancient Egypt actually occurred during the Middle Ages, more than a thousand years later.The central concepts of the New Chronology are derived from the ideas of Russian scholar Nikolai Morozov (1854–1946), However, the New Chronology is most commonly associated with Russian mathematician Anatoly Fomenko (born 1945), although published works on the subject are actually a collaboration between Fomenko and several other mathematicians.The accession of King Aha to the throne is often thought to define the start of the Egyptian state, with the new study suggesting (with 68 percent probability) that he became king between 3111 B. [See Photos of Egypt's Great Terrace of God] To create a more reliable timeline, archaeologists based at the University of Oxford have developed the most comprehensive chronological analyses of Early Egypt artifacts yet based on a computer model of existing and newly measured radiocarbon dates. Other existing settlements at the time were isolated city-states, but Egypt developed into a more complex and expansive settlement similar to modern countries today, Dee said.The analyses suggest the rise to statehood occurred between 200 and 300 years faster than previously thought, beginning between 3800 B. The team hopes that their results will help inform future research on Early Egypt culture, but does not have plans to produce more dates from Egypt.740) Peftjauabastet Nefer-ka-re (c.740725) Thutemhat (ca.